Barça’s playing philosophy is the famous “total football” presented by the Dutch national team in the 1974 World Cup. It was an influential tactical theory in which any outfield player can take over the role of any other player in a team. In this system, a player who moves out of position is replaced by another player, thus retaining the team’s intended organizational structure. In this fluid system, no player is fixed in a nominal role; anyone can be an attacker, a midfielder, and a defender. That’s why they’ve name it Total Football. The best player, and by far the best student of this football school, was a guy we all know, Johan Cruyff.Ve Johan, futbol filozofu:
When Cruyff was put in charge of Barcelona in the early 90’s, he had started the revolution of Total Football. It was his own interpretation of the famous football philosophy that later evolved in a style called “tiki-taka.” This style of Total Football was based on two things: short passing and a lot of off-the-ball movement. In “tiki-taka,” there are a lot of short passes with which the ball is moved carefully through various channels. The style involves roaming movement and positional interchange amongst midfielders, moving the ball in intricate patterns, and sharp, one or two-touch passing. This demanded a lot of movement, patience and, above all, possession.
The point of having the possession was that the team who controls the ball 70% of the game has 70% more opportunities to create chances and to score goals, and the opponents have 70% less opportunities to score. This style is neither defensive nor offensive; it’s a playmaking style of football where the “tiki-taka” team is in charge and dictates the tempo. Barcelona adapted the more aesthetic version of this style, which was associated with flair, creativity, and touch, but the tiki-taka can also be taken to a “slow, directionless extreme” version that sacrifices effectiveness for aesthetics.
Barça plays a fluid 4-3-3, with three central backs, one offensive fullback (more of a wingback), one holding midfielder, two passing midfielders, two wingers and a striker (this is the default Barça). The gravity of this team is on the right side where you can find Messi, who cuts through the center and opens up space for Dani Alves’ bursts. On the left flank there is usually a winger who plays as a second striker, and when the ball is on the right, sometimes you can find one of the passing midfielders on the left flank to balance the presence on the field. The striker moves a lot of the time through various channels, attempting to make holes in the opponent’s defense. Possession is the essence, and when they lose it, they press high in order to get the ball back. There are a lot more things to be said, but this is the foundation of Barça.
20 Temmuz 2010
A. Eren Loğoğlu